Wednesday, March 9, 2011

Circumcision And The Three Samawi Religions

Islam And Male Circumcision

Muslims are still the largest single religious group to circumcise boys. In Islam circumcision is also known as tahara, meaning purification.Islam and male circumcision.
Circumcision is not mentioned in the Qur'an but it is highlighted in the Sunnah (the Prophet Muhammad's recorded words and actions). In the Sunnah, Muhammad stated that circumcision was a "law for men and a preservation of honour for women."
The main reason given for the ritual is cleanliness. It is essential that every Muslim washes before praying. It is important that no urine is left on the body.
Muslims believe the removal of the foreksin makes it easier to keep the penis clean because urine can't get trapped there.
Supporters of circumcision also argue that excrements may collect under the foreskin which may lead to fatal diseases such as cancer.
Some Muslims see circumcision as a preventive measure against infection and diseases.

Belonging

For the majority of Muslims, circumcision is seen as an introduction to the Islamic faith and a sign of belonging.
In Islam there is no fixed age for circumcision. The age at which it is performed varies depending on family, region and country.
The preferred age is often seven although some Muslims are circumcised as early as the seventh day after birth and as late as puberty.
There is no equivalent of a Jewish 'mohel' in Islam. Circumcisions are usually carried out in a clinic or hospital. The circumciser is not required to be a Muslim but he must be medically trained.
In some Islamic countries circumcision is performed after Muslim boys have recited the whole of the Qur'an from start to finish.
In Malaysia, for example, the operation is a puberty rite that separates the boy from childhood and introduces him to adulthood.

An essential practice

Circumcision is not compulsory in Islam but it is an important ritual aimed at improving cleanliness. It is strongly encouraged but not enforced.
The ritual dates back to the time of the Prophet Muhammad. According to tradition Muhammad was born without a foreskin (aposthetic). Some Muslims who practise circumcision see it as a way of being like him.
Circumcision was also practised by past prophets.
Dr Bashir Quereshi, author of Transcultural Medicine, explains: "Every Muslim is expected to follow the way and the life of the Prophet Muhammad. Therefore, all Muslims - devouts, liberals or seculars - observe this ritual. Muslim are obliged to follow not only Allah's message in the Holy Qur'an but also what the Prophet said or did, as proof of their dedication to Islam."
Traditionally, adult converts to Islam were encouraged to undergo the operation but this practice is not universally endorsed, particularly if the procedure poses a health risk.

Source: BBC.CO.UK - August 13, 2009

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Jewish Groups Oppose Circumcision Ban In US City

Jewish groups and others are up at arms over an attempt to outlaw male circumcision in San Francisco by putting the issue to a popular vote.
Self-described "intactivist" Lloyd Schofield has been collecting signatures for a voter initiative that would criminalize infant circumcision in the Californian city.
After two months of collecting names, he claims to be more than half way toward getting the 7,168 signatures he needs by late April to put the matter on the November ballot.
Schofield and a growing community of anti-circumcision activists say that infants should not be forced to participate in what is essentially culturally accepted genital mutilation.
They claim that the procedure can cause health risks and diminished sexual function and compare it to the clitoridectomies performed on girls in parts of Africa.
"This is a human rights issue," he said. "What you're doing is you're taking an infant and removing the most sensitive part of their body."
Jewish organizations have pledged to fight the measure should it be placed on the ballot. Anti-Defamation League director Daniel Sandman called Schofield's effort discriminatory and misguided.
"This is hurtful and offensive to people in the community who consider this a coveted ritual," he said.
Abby Porth of the Jewish Community Relations Council charged Schofield with wasting city resources for an inappropriate political stunt that was unlikely to become law.
"This is one of the most fundamental practices to our tradition of over 3,000 years," she said. "It's symbolic of our covenant with God."
Porth said the Jewish community would form a coalition against the initiative with medical professionals and Muslims, who also practice circumcision.
"It's very similar to those of the Jewish faith," said Omar Nawaz of the Bay Area-based Zaytuna College, one of the nation's only Muslim colleges. "It's a religious tradition and it's important for us."
Both pro- and anti-circumcision advocates make health claims, but the medical research does not firmly support either position.
The American Academy of Pediatrics holds that there are both benefits and risks to infant circumcision, and recommends that parents make the choice for themselves.
Several other health bodies are reviewing the evidence on circumcision with an eye to new policy recommendations.
Circumcision rates among US male infants have dropped in recent decades, but more than half of newborns are still circumcised, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.
If the ban is approved, those caught cutting the foreskins of infants and other minors would face up to a year in jail and up to $1,000 in fines.
The ban would certainly face legal challenges, and could be found in violation of the First Amendment right to Freedom of Religion. However, it would not be subject to legislative amendment. California's unique voter initiative system allows residents to place virtually anything on the ballot so long as they secure the requisite signatures. Many of California's most controversial and restrictive policies have been passed this way, among them a drastic reduction in property taxes and a ban on gay marriage. San Francisco resident Mark Reiss, who grew up in an Orthodox Jewish home, is among a vocal community of circumcised men who say they struggle with the emotional and physical effects of circumcision. He runs a website that lists rabbis nationwide who will preside over a naming ritual similar to the one performed at Jewish circumcisions but with no cutting. Schofeld said that the issue is not one of cultural practice, but of individual freedom. "This is a painful and irreversible surgery," Schofield said. "It's a man's body. It's his right to choose and we're trying to preserve that choice."

Source: Yahoo - March 5, 2011

******
Bible And Circumcision

*And he gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac,
and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs.
Acts 7:8 (King James Version)
*Circumcision is nothing and uncircumcision is nothing,
but keeping the commandments of God is what matters.
 1 Corinthians 7:19 (New King James Version)
*And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed,
to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live
Deuteronomy 30:6 (K J V).
*Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son,
and cast it at his feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me.
Exodus 4:25 (K J V)
*A foreigner residing among you who wants to celebrate the LORD’s Passover
must have all the males in his household circumcised;
then he may take part like one born in the land.
No uncircumcised male may eat it.
Exodus 12:48 (New International Version) 
*in admitting foreigners, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, to be in my sanctuary, profaning my temple,
when you offer to me my food, the fat and the blood.
You have broken my covenant, in addition to all your abominations.
Ezekiel 44:7 (English Standard Version) 
Not Circumcision But The New Creation
*Ye see how large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand.
*As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised;
only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
*For neither they themselves who are circumcised keep the law; but desire to have you circumcised,
that they may glory in your flesh.
*But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ,
by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world.
*For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.
*And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God. 
Galatians 6: 1-16 (K J V) 
The Covenant Of Circumcision
*And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him,
I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect.
*And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and will multiply thee exceedingly.
*And Abram fell on his face: and God talked with him, saying,
*As for me, behold, my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.
*Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham;
for a father of many nations have I made thee.
*And I will make thee exceeding fruitful, and I will make nations of thee,
and kings shall come out of thee.
*And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after thee
in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee,
and to thy seed after thee.
*And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou art a stranger,
all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.
*And God said unto Abraham, Thou shalt keep my covenant therefore, thou,
and thy seed after thee in their generations.
*This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed after thee;
Every man child among you shall be circumcised.
*And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of the covenant betwixt me and you.
*And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations,
he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed.
*He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised:
and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.
*And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised,
that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my covenant.
Genesis 17: 1-14 (K J V)
*On that very day Abraham took his son Ishmael and all those born in his household
or bought with his money, every male in his household, and circumcised them, as God told him.
*Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised,
*and his son Ishmael was thirteen;
*Abraham and his son Ishmael were both circumcised on that very day.
*And every male in Abraham’s household, including those born in his household
or bought from a foreigner, was circumcised with him.
Genesis 17: 23-27 (N I V)
*When his son Isaac was eight days old, Abraham circumcised him, as God commanded him.
Genesis 21:4 (N I V)
*Moses therefore gave unto you circumcision; (not because it is of Moses, but of the fathers;)
and ye on the sabbath day circumcise a man.
*If a man on the sabbath day receive circumcision, that the law of Moses should not be broken;
are ye angry at me, because I have made a man every whit whole on the sabbath day?
John 7:22-23 (K J V)
*And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward,
and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea,
heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel,
until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more,
because of the children of Israel.
Circumcision and Passover at Gilgal
*At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives,
and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.
*And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.
*And this is the cause why Joshua did circumcise: All the people that came out of Egypt, that were males, even all the men of war, died in the wilderness by the way, after they came out of Egypt.
*Now all the people that came out were circumcised:
but all the people that were born in the wilderness by the way as they came forth out of Egypt,
them they had not circumcised.
*For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness,
till all the people that were men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed,
because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD:
unto whom the LORD sware that he would not shew them the land,
which the LORD sware unto their fathers that he would give us,
a land that floweth with milk and honey.
*And their children, whom he raised up in their stead, them Joshua circumcised:
for they were uncircumcised, because they had not circumcised them by the way.
*And it came to pass, when they had done circumcising all the people,
that they abode in their places in the camp, till they were whole.
Joshua 5: 1-8 (K J V)
*And in the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised.
Leviticus 12:3 (K J V)
*Her neighbors and relatives heard that the Lord had shown her great mercy,
and they shared her joy.
*On the eighth day they came to circumcise the child,
and they were going to name him after his father Zechariah,
*but his mother spoke up and said, “No! He is to be called John.”
*They said to her, “There is no one among your relatives who has that name.
Luke 1:58-61 (New International Version, ©2011)
*For circumcision benefits you if you observe the law, but if you are a lawbreaker,
your circumcision has become uncircumcision.
*Therefore if an uncircumcised man keeps the law's requirements,
will his uncircumcision not be counted as circumcision?
*A man who is physically uncircumcised, but who fulfills the law,
will judge you who are a lawbreaker in spite of having the letter [of the law] and circumcision.
*For a person is not a Jew who is one outwardly,
and [true] circumcision is not something visible in the flesh.
*On the contrary, a person is a Jew who is one inwardly,
and circumcision is of the heart—by the Spirit, not the letter.
His praise is not from men but from God.
Romans 2:25-30 Holman Christian Standard Bible)
*Cometh this blessedness then upon the circumcision only, or upon the uncircumcision also?
for we say that faith was reckoned to Abraham for righteousness.
*How was it then reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision?
Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision.
*And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith
which he had yet being uncircumcised:
that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be not circumcised;
that righteousness might be imputed unto them also:
*And the father of circumcision to them who are not of the circumcision only,
but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham,
which he had being yet uncircumcised.
Romans 4:9-12 (K J V)

***Amorites are people living in what is now southern Turkey and Syria
***Canaan is the place where Prophets Ishak and Ya'kub 'alaihas salam lived.
***Corinthians, Deuteronomy, Galatiansand, Genesis and Leviticus came earlier before bible.
***Ezekiel is Prophet Dzulkifli 'alaihis salam.
***John is Prophet Yahya a.s.
***Joshua is Prophet Yusha' a.s.
***Zipporah (Safurah) is the daughter of Prophet (Jethro) Syu'aib a.s., wife of Prophet (Moses) Musa a.s.

12 comments:

Uncle Lee said...

Hi Ummie, I always get enlightened dropping by here, either of your other very interesting political views or religion.
And enjoyed reading thru what you so eloquently posted.
Very interesting....but a subject I am not familiar with ha ha.

There has been some major hoo haas here with regards to women being introduced to that....
As well many other certain religious beliefs being carried out.
Which include 'honour killings'....which the government ruled out and rewarded with severe jail sentences.

Imagine killing a daughter for Western dressing styles or dating a 'foreigner'.
And in the press the hundreds, more...of 'why did you come to Canada'? Or, "return to where you come from'!

There was a big hue and cry when certain parties wanted to introduced Shariah law here among the Muslim population.

Oh boy! The Muslim women here short of taking up arms, went on the warpath, and the Provincial premier not only got a earful, but almost lost an election.

You keep well Ummie. Always enjoy your unbiased thoughts.
Best regards, Lee.

Ummie said...

Extremists live in their very own oyster world.
They do not produce pearl,
but perception mostly viewed unaccepted at large,
when it should be tolerated by the mass.
They want to migrate,
but if they give no provision for differences...
Even GOD Giveth the new country new climate,
a new acceptance of nature -
live with it.
Shariah Law - The law is beautiful, but misunderstood, worst if executed with 'agenda'.

Religion, the way of life for all, should be about making living peaceful, not fearful.
Spread around understanding of it, with sincerity, not with motives.

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